The Government has announced that manufacturers won’t be allowed to sell internal combustion engine (ICE) cars running purely on petrol or diesel in the UK from 2040. While this will ultimately see lots more of us driving pure electric cars, hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are also a major part of the plan.Hybrid and Plug-in hybrids are proving popular for a number of reasons. As technology improves and more car makers join the fray, the price you pay for an Electric or Hybrid vehicle is gradually coming down. Then there are the tax implications, with many offering far lower benefit-in-kind rates for company car users thanks to their low emissions.
Full Hybrid | Micro Hybrid | Mild Hybrid
There are different types of Hybrid Vehicle, the full hybrid, the micro hybrid and the mild hybrid.
The full hybrid is the most complex of all hybrid vehicles and are powered by both the electric and combustion engine. No emissions are produced when the car is travelling at a lower velocity but when the car is travelling a greater speed the combustion engine takes over. The hybrid car is equipped with sensors to let the engine know what fuel source to use. Some hybrid vehicles are also adapted so that the braking system can actually recharge the battery so energy is almost never wasted.
The micro hybrid vehicle, also known as 'Stop-Start', is not a fully fledged hybrid vehicle but the Stop-Start technology assists with a reduction in emissions when you stop at traffic lights or brake and remain in the same position for an extended period of time.
The two types of mild hybrid vehicles are series and parallel. The series hybrid moves the car by using a battery which is charged either by a fuel based engine or when the car is slowing down. The parallel hybrid uses 'Stop-Start' technology and it also uses the electric motor to assist the engine during acceleration. The parallel mild hybrid requires both sources; combustion and battery, to function.